September 11th

EVENTS

9 – The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends.
506 – The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde.
813 – Charles the Great crowns Louis I emperor
1185 – Isaac II Angelus kills Stephanus Hagiochristophorites and then appeals to the people, resulting in the revolt that deposes Andronicus I Comnenus and places Isaac on the throne of the Byzantine Empire.
1226 – The Roman Catholic practice of public adoration of the Blessed Sacrament outside of Mass spreads from monasteries to parishes.
1297 – Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel William Wallace beats English
1304 – Willem III becomes earl of Holland
1390 – Lithuanian Civil War (1389-1392): the Teutonic Knights begin a five-week siege of Vilnius.
1541 – Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by Michimalonko.
1557 – Catholic & Lutheran theology debated in Worms
1609 – Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain’s Moriscos.
1645 – Thomas Fairfax’s ‘New Model Army’ occupies Bristol
1648 – -13] Battle at Pilawce: Bohdan Chmielricki’s beats John Casimir [OS]
English Military and Political Leader Oliver CromwellEnglish Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell

1649 – Massacre of Drogheda, Ireland – Oliver Cromwell kills 3,000 royalists
1697 – Battle of Zenta: Prince Eugen of Savoye beats Turks, ending Ottoman control of large parts of Central Europe
1708 – Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the Great Northern War. The army is defeated nine months later in the Battle of Poltava, and the Swedish empire is no longer a major power.
1709 – Battle at Malplaquet during War of the Spanish Succession: Engl/Aust/Dutch Great Alliance beat France
1714 – French & Spanish troops under Duke of Berwick occupy Barcelona
1741 – Queen Maria Theresa addresses Hungarian Parliament
1758 – Battle of Saint Cast France repels British invasion during the Seven Year’s War.
1773 – Benjamin Franklin writes “There never was a good war or bad peace”
United States Founding Father Benjamin FranklinUnited States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin

1777 – Battle of Brandywine, Pa; Americans lose to British
1786 – Annapolis Convention to determine interstate commerce
1789 – Alexander Hamilton appointed 1st Secretary of Treasury
1792 – The Hope Diamond is stolen with other crown jewels when six men break into house used to store the jewels.
1802 – France annexes the Kingdom of Piedmont.
1814 – Begun on the 6th Sept, Americans defeat British at Battle of Plattsburgh during War of 1812
1814 – Battle of Lake Champlain, NY; American Navy defeats British
1831 – Charles Darwin meets with capt Fitzroy at Plymouth
1839 – 1st Canadian track & field meet held (Caer Howell Grounds)
1847 – 1st singing of Stephen Foster’s “Susanna” (in Pittsburgh)
1850 – “Swedish Nightingale” Jenny Lind gives 1st US concert
1852 – Olympia Columbian is 1st newspaper published north of Columbia R
Father of American Music Stephen FosterFather of American Music Stephen Foster

1853 – 1st electric telegraph used (Merchant’s Exchange to Pt Lobos)
1857 – Mountain Meadows Massacre, Mormons dressed as Indians murder 120 colonists in Utah
1862 – 3rd British Golf Open: Tom Morris Sr shoots a 163 at Prestwick Golf Club
1875 – 1st newspaper cartoon strip
1877 – Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen
1881 – Triple landslides bury Elm Switz
1883 – James Cutler patents postal mail chute
1885 – Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia
1886 – Mayflower (US) beats Galatea (England) in 7th America’s Cup
1888 – Death of the Argentine politician Domingo Sarmiento, after whom the Latin American Teacher’s Day is chosen.
1889 – Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure “Crooked Man” (BG)
1890 – 30th British Golf Open: John Ball shoots a 164 at Prestwick Golf Club
1891 – The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch.
1893 – Bronx Gas & Electric Company opens on Frisby & Tremont Ave
1893 – Shaku Soen is 1st Zen teacher to visit the West (Chicago)
1893 – First conference of the World Parliament of Religions is held.
1895 – FA Cup stolen in Birmingham
1897 – After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom.
1900 – President Paul Kruger crosses border into Mozambique
1903 – The first race at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. It is the oldest major speedway in the world.
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi

1906 – Mahatma Gandhi coins the term “Satyagraha” to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
1909 – Max Wolf rediscovers Halley’s comet
1910 – 1st commercially successful electric bus line opens (Hollywood)
1912 – Netherland Olympic Committee forms
1912 – Phila A’s Eddie Collins steals 6 bases in 1 game
1914 – William Christopher Handy publishes “St Louis Blues”
1914 – Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there.
1916 – German troops conquer Kavalla Greece
1916 – The Quebec Bridge’s central span collapses during reconstruction, killing 11 men, following initially total collapsed on August 29, 1907.
1918 – Boston Red Sox beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 2 in 15th World Series
1919 – US marines invade Honduras
1921 – Nahalal, the first moshav in Israel, is settled.
Baseball Legend Eddie CollinsBaseball Legend Eddie Collins

1922 – British mandate of Palestine begins
1922 – Yankees play their farewell home game in Polo Grounds win doubleheader
1922 – The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia.
1922 – One of the Herald Sun of Melbourne, Australia’s predecessor papers The Sun News-Pictorial is founded.
1923 – After a single, Red Sox Howard Ehmke retires next 27 Yanks
1923 – Bernie Neis, hits the 1,000th Dodger home run
1923 – ZR-1 (biggest active dirigible) flies over NY’s tallest skyscraper, Woolworth Tower
1926 – 21st Davis Cup: USA beats France in Philadelphia (4-1), for their 7th straight championship
1926 – Aloha Tower dedicated in Honolulu
1926 – Spain leaves League of Nation due to Germany joining
1926 – Yanks’ Bob Meusel ties record with 3 sacrifice flies
1927 – After losing 21 in a row to NY, the Browns win their last meeting, 6-2
Baseball Legend Babe RuthBaseball Legend Babe Ruth

1927 – Babe Ruth hits 50th of 60 homers
1928 – 1st TV drama-WGY’s Queens Messenger
1928 – Ty Cobb last hitting appearance, pops out against Yankees
1929 – SF Mayor Rolph inaugurates new pedestrian traffic light system
1930 – Stromboli volcano (Sicily) throws 2-ton basaltic rocks 2 miles
1931 – Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by Charles Luciano’s hitmen.
1932 – Franciszek Żwirko and Stanisław Wigura, Polish Challenge 1932 winners, are killed in a plane crash when their RWD 6 crashes into the ground during a storm.
1933 – Britain’s Fred Perry thwarts Australian Jack Crawford’s bid for a Grand Slam by defeating him at US Tennis championship
1935 – 49th US Womens Tennis: H H Jacobs beats Sarah H Palfrey Fabyan (6-2 6-4)
1935 – US captures Davis Cup for 7th straight year
NYC Gangster Charles NYC Gangster Charles “Lucky” Luciano

1936 – A’s pitcher Horace Lisenbee gives up 26 hits in a game
1936 – FDR dedicates Boulder Dam, now known as Hoover Dam
1937 – 51st US Women’s Tennis: Anita Lizana beats Jadwiga Jedrzejowska (6-4 6-2)
1937 – 57th US Men’s Tennis: J D Budge beats G v Cramm (6-1 7-9 6-1 3-6 6-1)
1937 – 57th U.S. Men’s National Championship: Don Budge beats Gottfried von Cramm (6-1, 7-9, 6-1, 3-6, 6-1)
1937 – 51st U.S. Women’s National Championship: Anita Lizana beats Jadwiga Jedrzejowska (6-4, 6-2)
1939 – Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw
1939 – British submarine Triton torpedoes British submarine Oxley
1939 – Iraq & Saudi Arabia declare war on nazi-Germany
1940 – -12] Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
1940 – 54th US Postmaster General: Frank C Walker of Pa takes office
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt

1940 – Anton Mussert establishes Dutch SS
1940 – Hitler begins operation Seelöwe (Sealion – aborted invasion England)
1940 – George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
1941 – FDR orders any Axis ship found in American waters be shot at on sight
1941 – Charles Lindbergh, charges “British, Jewish & Roosevelt administration” are trying to get US into WW II
1941 – World War II: The U.S. Navy is ordered to attack German U-boats.
1941 – Construction of the Pentagon begins (completed 15 Jan 1943)
1942 – Transport nr 31 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
1943 – Allied arm forces conquerors Salerno
1943 – Jewish ghettos of Minsk & Lida Belorussia liquidated
1943 – Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island
1943 – US & Australian troops join in Salamaua, New Guinea
1944 – FDR & Churchill meet in Canada at 2nd Quebec Conference
Aviator Charles LindberghAviator Charles Lindbergh

1944 – A reconnaissance squadron of the US 5th Armored Division “Victory Division” is 1st allied force to enter Nazi-Germany
1945 – Physician Willem J Kolff performs the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine, the Netherlands
1946 – 1st mobile long-distance car-to-car telephone conversation
1950 – “Beetle Bailey” comic strip debuts
1950 – 1st typesetting machine to dispense with metal type exhibited
1950 – 33 die in a train crash in Coshocton Ohio
1950 – Dick Tracy TV show sparks uproar concerning violence
1951 – Stravinsky’s opera “Rake’s Progress,” premieres in Venice
1951 – Florence Chadwick becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel from England to France. It takes 16 hours & 19 minutes
1952 – West German Chancellor Adenauer signs a reparation pact for Jews
Swimmer Florence ChadwickSwimmer Florence Chadwick

1953 – KSBW TV channel 8 in Salinas-Monterey, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 – WEHT TV channel 25 in Evansville, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 – 1st Miss America TV broadcast
1954 – 20.4 cm rainfall at Brunswick, Maine (state record)
1954 – KXJB TV channel 4 in Valley City (Fargo) (NBC) begins broadcasting
1954 – Lee Meriwether (California), 19, crowned 27th Miss America 1955 (1st on TV)
1955 – 69th US Womens Tennis: Doris Hart beats Patricia Ward (6-4 6-2)
1955 – 75th US Mens Tennis: Tony Trabert beats Ken Rosewall beats (9-7 6-3 6-3)
1955 – KTVT TV channel 11 in Fort Worth-Dallas, TX (IND) begins broadcasting
1955 – Dedication of the first Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Europe, the Bern Switzerland Temple.
1955 – 6th Formula One WDC: Juan Manuel Fangio wins by 16.5 points
Tennis Player and Five-Time Major Champion Tony TrabertTennis Player and Five-Time Major Champion Tony Trabert

1955 – 75th U.S. Men’s National Championship: Tony Trabert beats Ken Rosewall (9-7, 6-3, 6-3)
1955 – 69th U.S. Women’s National Championship: Doris Hart beats Patricia Ward Hales (6-4, 6-2)
1956 – Cin Red Frank Robinson ties rookie record with his 38th HR
1956 – Vladimir Kuts runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
1956 – Yanks Yogi Berra ties career record for HRs (236) by a catcher
1958 – Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1959 – “Duke” Ellington wins Springarn Medal for his musical achievements
1959 – Congress passes a bill authorizing food stamps for poor Americans
1959 – Elroy Face’s 22 game win streak ends as Dodgers beat Pirates 5-4
1959 – Oriole Jerry Walker pitches 16 inn beating White Sox 1-0
1960 – 17th Olympic games close in Rome Italy
1960 – 74th US Womens Tennis: Darlene Hard beats Maria Fraser (6-4 10-12 6-4)
1960 – 80th US Mens Tennis: Neale A Fraser beats Rodney G Laver (64 64 97)
Tennis Player Darlene HardTennis Player Darlene Hard

1960 – The Young Americans for Freedom, meeting at home of William F. Buckley, Jr., promulgate the Sharon Statement.
1961 – Foundation of the World Wildlife Fund.
1962 – Beatles cut “Love Me Do” & “PS I Love You” with Andy White on drums
1962 – Drummer Ringo Starr replaces Pete Best of the Beatles
1962 – KVCR TV channel 24 in San Bernardino, CA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1963 – Typhoon Gloria strikes Taiwan killing 330, with $17.5 million damage
1964 – George Harrison forms Mornyork Ltd music publishing company
1964 – Gillette’s 20 year contract with Madison Square Garden & ABC to televise fights for free ends as Dick Tiger defeats Don Fullmer at Cleve Auditorium
1965 – Beatles’ “Help!,” album goes #1 & stays #1 for 9 weeks
1965 – Braves 2nd straight one-hitter against the Mets
1965 – The 1st Cavalry Division of the United States Army arrives in Vietnam.
Singer-Songwriter George HarrisonSinger-Songwriter George Harrison

1966 – 80th US Womens Tennis: M Esther Bueno-Fraiser beats N Richey (63 61)
1966 – 86th US Mens Tennis: Fred Stolle beats John Newcombe (46 12-10 63 64)
1966 – France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1966 – Johnny Miller becomes 1st Yank to hit a HR on his 1st at bat
1966 – Mickey Wright wins LPGA Pacific Ladies’ Golf Classic
1966 – Rolling Stones perform on Ed Sullivan Show
1967 – A’s drop grievance filed with Natl Labor Relations against C Finley
1967 – Beatles’ Magical Mystery Bus driven around England
1967 – French president De Gaulle visits Poland
1967 – Indian/Chinese border fights
1967 – US Surveyor 5 makes 1st chemical analysis of lunar material
1967 – WSRE TV channel 23 in Pensacola, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 – WUNE TV channel 17 in Linville, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 – WUNF TV channel 33 in Asheville, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
LPGA Golfer Mickey WrightLPGA Golfer Mickey Wright

1967 – WUNG TV channel 58 in Concord, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 – Air France Flight 1611 crashes off Nice, France, killing 89 passengers and 6 crew.
1969 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1970 – 88 of the hostages from the Dawson’s Field hijackings are released. The remaining hostages, mostly Jews and Israeli citizens, are held until September 25.
1970 – The Ford Pinto is introduced.
1971 – “2 by 2” closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 343 performances
1971 – Egypt adopts its constitution
1971 – Laurel Lea Schaefer (Ohio), 22, crowned 44th Miss America 1972
1972 – BART begins service with a 26-mi (42-km) line from Oakland to Fremont
1973 – Chile’s President Salvador Allende deposed in a military coup
1974 – Cards beat Mets, 4-3, in 25 (7h4m), record 202 plate appearances, Félix Millán & John Milner come to bat 12 times each
1976 – Dorothy Kathleen Benham (Minn), 20, crowned 49th Miss America 1977
1976 – Minnie Minoso bats for White Sox after a 12-year hiatus (hitless)
Actress Mary Tyler MooreActress Mary Tyler Moore

1977 – 29th Emmy Awards: Mary Tyler Moore Show, Carroll O’Conner & Bea Arthur win
1977 – 97th US Men’s Tennis: Guillermo Vilas beats Jimmy Connors (26 63 75 60)
1977 – Joanne Carner wins LPGA National Jewish Hospital Golf Open
1977 – TV’s Rhoda gets divorced
1977 – 97th Men’s U.S. Open: Guillermo Vilas beats Jimmy Connors (2-6, 6-3, 7-6, 6-0)
1977 – 97th Women’s U.S. Open: Chris Evert beats Wendy Turnbull (7-6, 6-2)
1980 – Chile adopts its constitution
1980 – Ron LeFlore (91st) & Rodney Scott (58th), set teammate steal record
1981 – 2nd government of Van Agt forms in Netherlands
1982 – 96th US Womens Tennis: C E L Mills beats Hana Mandlikova (63 61)
1982 – Debbie Maffett (California), 25, crowned 55th Miss America 1983
Tennis Legend Chris EvertTennis Legend Chris Evert

1982 – Chris Evert wins her 6th & final US Open Tennis match at West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills NY
1983 – 103rd US Men’s Tennis: Jimmy Connors beats Ivan Lendl (63 67 75 60)
1983 – Franco Harris becomes 3rd NFL to rush 11,000 yards
1983 – Joanne Carner wins LPGA Portland Ping Golf Championship
1983 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1983 – 103rd Men’s U.S. Open: Jimmy Connors beats Ivan Lendl (6-3, 6-7, 7-5, 6-0)
1983 – 103rd Women’s U.S. Open: Martina Navratilova beats Chris Evert-Lloyd (6-1, 6-3)
1985 – Intl Cometary Explorer (ISEE 3) passes Giacobini-Zinner by 7900 km
1985 – Sri Lanka score their 1st Test Cricket victory, by 149 runs v India
1985 – Pete Rose of Cin Reds gets career hit 4,192 off Eric Show of San Diego Padres, eclipsing Ty Cobb’s record
1986 – Pres Mubarak receives Israeli premier Peres
1986 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1986 – Dow Jones Industrial Avg suffered biggest 1-day decline ever, plummeting 86.61 points to 1,792.89. 237.57 million shares traded
1987 – 4th MTV Video Music Awards: Peter Gabriel wins
1987 – Shoot out at Jean-Bertrand Aristides’ church in Haiti, 12 die
1988 – 1/3 of population argues for Estonia autonomy
1988 – Betsy King wins LPGA Cellular One-Ping Golf Championship
1988 – Sports Aid-jogging to feed the world
1988 – 108th Men’s U.S. Open: Mats Wilander beats Ivan Lendl (6-4, 4-6, 6-3, 5-7, 6-4) in the longest final in the Open’s history
1988 – 108th Women’s U.S. Open: Steffi Graf beats Gabriela Sabatini (6-3, 3-6, 6-1)
Tennis Player Steffi GrafTennis Player Steffi Graf

1989 – Drexel formally pleads guilty to security fraud
1989 – KSO-AM in Des Moines Iowa changes call letters to KGGO
1991 – “La Toya: Growing Up in The Jackson Family” goes on sale
1991 – 14 die in a Continental Express commuter plane crash near Houston
1991 – Air crash at Djeddah, Saudi-Arabia, 263 die
1991 – Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation
1991 – NY Yankees final game at Baltimore Oriole’s Memorial Stadium
1991 – Atlanta Braves Kent Mercker, Mark Wohlers & Alejandro Pena pitched 1st combined no-hitter in NL, beating San Diego Padres, 1-0
1992 – Hurricane Iniki hits Kauai Hawaii; 3 die & 8,000 injured
1993 – 107th US Women’s Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Helena Sukova (6-3 6-3)
1993 – Junxia Qu runs 1500m ladies’ world record (3:50.46)
1994 – 46th Emmy Awards: Fraiser, Picket Fences & Kelsey Grammer win
1994 – Jingyi Le swims female world record 50m freestyle
1994 – Missie McGeorge wins Ping-Cellular One LPGA Golf Championship
Tennis Legend Andre AgassiTennis Legend Andre Agassi

1994 – 114th Men’s U.S. Open: Andre Agassi beats Michael Stich (6-1, 7-6, 7-5)
1994 – 114th Women’s U.S. Open: Arantxa Sanchez Vicario beats Steffi Graf (1-6, 7-6, 6-4)
1995 – Eastern Tennessee begins using new area code 423
1995 – Ohio’s Governor Voinovich proclaims “Cleveland Indians Day”
1995 – Soyuz TM-22, lands
1996 – Union Pacific Railroad purchases Southern Pacific Railroad.
1997 – After a nationwide referendum, Scotland votes to establish a devolved parliament, within the United Kingdom.
1998 – Independent counsel Kenneth Starr sends a report to the U.S. Congress accusing President Bill Clinton of 11 possible impeachable offenses.
1998 – Opening ceremony for the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysia is the first Asian country to host the games.
42nd US President Bill Clinton42nd US President Bill Clinton

2000 – Activists protest against the World Economic Forum meeting in Melbourne, Australia.

BIRTHDAYS

1182 – Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun (d. 1204)
1458 – Bernardo Accolti, [Unico Aretino], Italian writer (Virginia)
1476 – Louise of Savoye, French mother/regentes of king Francois I
1522 – Ulisse Aldrovandi, Italian biologist/medical
1523 – Pierre de Ronsard, poet
1525 – Johan Georg, elector of Brandenburg (1571-91)
1584 – Thomas Erpenius, [van Erpe], Dutch orientalist/arabist (grammar)
1611 – Henri de la Tour d’Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Marshal of France (d. 1675)
1614 – Philipp Buchner, composer
1681 – Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist (d. 1741)
1700 – James Thomson, songwriter (Rule Britannia)
1723 – Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer (d. 1790)
1741 – Johann J Angel, German author (Herr Lorenz Stark)
1753 – Friedrich August Baumbach, composer
1764 – Valentino Fioravanti, composer
1786 – Friedrich Kuhlau, composer
1798 – Franz E Neumann, German mineralogist/mathematician/physicist
1800 – Daniel S. Dickinson, New York senator (d. 1866)
1804 – Aleksandr I Polezjajev, Russian poet (Sasjka) [NS]
1806 – Joshua Blackwood Howell, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
1807 – Ignaz Lachner, composer
1813 – Conrad Feger Jackson, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
1816 – Carl Zeiss, German lens maker (d. 1888)
1825 – Eduard Hanslick, German music critic (d. 1904)
1835 – William Wirt Allen, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1894)
1836 – Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (d. 1870)
1838 – John Ireland, Irish/US archbishop of St Paul
1844 – George Clement Martin, composer
1859 – Vjenceslav Novak, Croatian writer (d. 1905)
1860 – Marianne V von Werefkin, Russian/German/Swiss painter [NS]
1860 – James Allan, former All Black (d. 1934)
1861 – Juhani Aho, Fins journalist/writer (Panu, Tuomio)
1862 – O Henry, [William Sydney Porter], American short story writer (d. 1910)
1862 – Julian Byng, British army officer (d. 1935)
1865 – Rainis, Latvian poet and playwright (d. 1929)
1874 – Heinrich Kaspar Schmid, composer
1876 – Alfonso Broqua, composer
1877 – Felix Dzerzhinsky [Iron Felix, Bloody Felix], Ivyanets, Lithuania, Soviet statesman, established and developed Soviet secret police (Cheka, forerunner to the KGB)
1877 – James Hopwood Jeans, Englsh physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), born in Ormskirk, Lancashire
1881 – Asta Nielsen, Copenhagen Denmark, actress (Joyless Street)
1883 – Grogorij J Zinovjev, [Gerson Radomyslski], Russian
Writer D. H. LawrenceWriter D. H. Lawrence(1885)

1885 – David Herbert Lawrence (DH), Eastwood Nottinghamshire, poet/writer (Lady Chatterley’s Lover) (d. 1930)
1885 – Eratstus Flaval Beadle, publisher (Beadle’s Dime Novels)
1885 – Herbert Stothart, composer
1890 – Marius Moaritz Ulfrstad, composer
1891 – Noel Gallon, composer
1891 – William Thomas Walsh, American author (d. 1949)
1892 – Pinto Colvig, OR, animation voice (Goofy, Pluto)
1892 – Lucien Buysse, Belgian cyclist (d. 1980)
1893 – W. Douglas Hawkes, British racing driver (d. 1974)
1895 – Harry Tobias, songwriter
1899 – Nelly A “Nell” Knoop, Dutch actress (Driestuivers Opera)
1899 – Jimmie Davis, Quitman, Louisiana, American singer and songwriter (You Are My Sunshine)
1900 – D. W. Brooks, American farmer and businessman (d. 1999)
1902 – Alice Tully, Corning, NY, singer/patroness (Carnegie Hall)
1903 – Theodor Adorno, German philosopher/sociologist
1906 – Roye England, modeller/museum curator
1908 – Everhardus J van Romondt, physician/Dutch Antillean minister of Eco
1909 – Anne Seymour, England, actress (Gemini Affair, Empire, Tim Conway Show)
1909 – William H Natcher, (Rep-D-Kentucky, 1953- )
1911 – Bola de Nieve, Cuban pianist (d. 1971)
1913 – Paul “Bear” Bryant, US football coach (Alabama Crimson Tide)
1915 – Athena Lorde, NY, actress (Fuzz, Skin Game, Firecreek)
1915 – Jack Fascinato, Bevier Mo, pianist/orchestra leader (Kukla Fran & Ollie)
American Filmmaker and Founder of NFL Films Ed SabolAmerican Filmmaker and Founder of NFL Films Ed Sabol (1916)

1916 – Ed Sabol, Atlantic City New Jersey, American filmmaker (NFL Films)
1917 – Ferdinand Marcos, Philippines President (1965-86)
1917 – Henderson Forsythe, Macon MO, actor (Crisis at Central High)
1917 – Jessica Lucy Mitford, author (American Way of Death)
1917 – Daniel Wildenstein, French art dealer and racehorse owner (d. 2001)
1918 – Donald Blakeslee, American aviator (d. 2008)
1921 – Edwin Richfield, British Actor (d. 1990)
1922 – Charles Evers, civil rights leader (Amazing Grace)
1923 – Alan Badel, Manchester England, actor (Shogun)
1923 – Betsy Drake, fitness expert/actress (Every Girl Should be Married)
1924 – Daniel Kahikina Akaka, (Rep-D-HI, 1977- /Sen-D Hawaii)
1924 – Tom Landry, Mission Texas, NFL player (NY Giants)/coach (Dallas Cowboys)
1924 – Rudolf Vrba, Jewish Canadian professor, Holocaust survivor (d. 2006)
1925 – Ashley Heenan, composer
1925 – Harry Stuart Somers, composer
NFL Head Coach Tom LandryNFL Head Coach Tom Landry (1924)

1926 – Alfred Slote, author (Love & Tennis, Omega Station)
1926 – Gerrit van Niekerk Viljoen, South African minister of Legislation
1926 – Lee Richardson, actor (Sweet Lorraine, Fly 2, Tiger Warsaw), born in Chicago, Illinois
1926 – Eddie Miksis, baseball player (d. 2005)
1927 – David Schine, businessman
1927 – Vernon Corea, Sri Lankan broadcaster (d. 2002)
1928 – Earl Holliman, Delhi La, actor (Police Woman, Tribes, Cry Panic)
1928 – Reubin Askew, (Gov-Fla)
1929 – David S Broder, Chicago Hgts Ill, journalist (Pulitzer 1973)
1930 – Cathryn Damon, actress (Mary-Soap, She’s Having a Baby), born in Seattle, Washington
1930 – Saleh Selim, Egyptian football player (d. 2002)
1931 – Hans-Ulrich Wehler, German historian
1932 – Herbert “Sonny” Leon Callahan, (Rep-R-Alabama, 1985- )
1932 – Robert W “Bob” Packwood, (Sen-R-OR, 1969- )
1932 – Peter Anderson, English footballer
1933 – William Luther Pierce, American author and activist (d. 2002)
1934 – Oliver Jones, Canadian jazz pianist
1934 – Norma Croker, Australian sprinter
1934 – Ian Abercrombie, Grays, Essex, English actor (Birds of Prey, Desperate Housewives)
1935 – Arvo Part, composer
1935 – Gherman Stepanovich Titov, USSR, cosmonaut (Vostok II)
1936 – Charles Dierkop, LaCrosse Wisc, actor (Det Pete Royster-Police Woman)
1937 – Paola Ruffo di Calabria, Ital princess/queen of Belgium (1993- )
1937 – Robert L Crippen, Beaumont Tx, Capt USN/astronaut (STS 1, 7, 41C, 41G)
1937 – Iosif Kobzon, Soviet singer and Russian businessman
1938 – Charles Patrick, rocker (Monotones)
1939 – Charles Geschke, American inventor and businessman
1940 – Bernie Dwyer, rock drummer (Freddie & The Dreamers)
1940 – Brian DePalma, Newark NJ, film director (Body Double, Dressed to Kill)
1940 – Theodore Olson, U.S. Solicitor General
1940 – Robert Palmer, last CEO of Digital Equipment Corporation
Comedian Tom DreesenComedian Tom Dreesen(1942)

1942 – Tom Dreesen, Harvey, Illinois, comedian (Tim Ried’s partner)
1942 – Lola Falana [Loletha Elayne], Camden, New Jersey, American singer and actress (Golden Boy, A Man Called Adam)
1942 – Gerome Ragni American Playwright
1943 – Mickey Hart, drummer (Grateful Dead)
1943 – Raymond Villeneuve, Canadian terrorist
1944 – Everaldo, Brazilian footballer
1944 – Freddy Thielemans, mayor of Brussels
1945 – Leo Kottke, Athens Ga, guitarist (Ice Water, Greenhouse)
1945 – Franz Beckenbauer, German footballer
1946 – Dennis Tufano, rock guitarist/vocalist (Buckinghams), born in Chicago, Illinois
1948 – John Martyn, English musician
1949 – Marty Liquori, US, runner (AAU 3 mile-1979 (13:14.7))
1949 – Roger Uttley, English rugby player
1949 – Bill Whittington, race car driver
1950 – Amy Madigan, actress (Uncle Buck, Twice in a Lifetime), born in Chicago, Illinois
1950 – Barry Sheene, British auto maker
1951 – Richard D. Gill, British-Dutch mathematician
1951 – Miroslav Dvořák, Czechoslovak ice hockey player (d. 2008)
1953 – Tommy Shaw, American musician and singer (Styx)
1953 – Jani Allan, South African journalist and media personality
1954 – Reed Birney, Alexandria Va, actor (Greatest Man in the World)
1956 – Tony Gilroy, American screenwriter and director
1957 – Jeffrey George Sluman, PGA golfer (1988 PGA Champ), born in Rochester, New York
1957 – Jon Moss, rock drummerer (Culture Club-Do You Really Want to Hurt Me)
1957 – Brad Bird, American director and animator
1958 – Don Slaught, catcher (California Angels, NY Yankees), born in Long Beach, California
1958 – Mick Talbot, rock keyboardist (Style Council-You’re the Best Thing)
1958 – Scott Patterson, American actor
1958 – Roxann Dawson, American actress
1958 – Phoef Sutton, American television writer and producer
1959 – David Laurence Frost, Cape Town South Africa, PGA golfer (1988 Southern Open)
1959 – Robert Wrenn, Richmond VA, Nike golfer (1987 Buick Open)
1960 – Neal X, rocker (Sigue Sigue Sputnik-Love Missile F-111)
1961 – Virginia Madsen, actress (Dune, Hot Spot, Class), born in Chicago, Illinois
1961 – Elizabeth Daily, American actress and singer (Buttercup-The Powerpuff Girls), born in Los Angeles, California
1961 – Philip Ardagh, British writer
1962 – Kristy McNichol, actress (Buddy-Family, Barbara-Empty Nest), born in Los Angeles, California
1962 – Filip Dewinter Belgian politician
1962 – Julio Salinas, Spanish footballer
1963 – Bonnie Gadusek, tennis player (French Juniors 1981), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
1963 – Gerald Wilkins, NBA guard (Orlando Magic)
1963 – Colin Wells, English actor
1964 – Ellis Burks, Vicksburg MS, outfielder (Colorado Rockies)
1964 – Eric Thomas, NFL cornerback (Denver Broncos)
1964 – Jean-Phil LeMoine, hockey defenseman (Team France 1998)
1964 – Roxanne Biggs-Dawson, actress (B’Elanna Torres-Star Trek Voyager)
1964 – Victor Wooten, American musician
1965 – John Schofield, journalist
1965 – Tony Woods, NFL defensive end (Washington Redskins)
1965 – Bashar al-Assad, President of Syria
1965 – Paul Heyman, American wrestling manager
1965 – Moby, American musician
1966 – Richard Harvey, NFL linebacker (NO Saints)
1966 – Stewart Carr, Indianapolis Ind, American canoeist (alt-Olympics-96)
1966 – Princess Akishino, Japanese Imperial Family
1967 – Kendra Lee Ruwe, Madison Idaho, Miss Idaho-America (1991)
1967 – Simon Burgess, Australian rower (Olympics-96)
Singer Harry Connick JrSinger Harry Connick Jr(1967)

1967 – Harry Connick Jr, singer (We Are in Love), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
1967 – Maria Bartiromo, financial broadcast journalist
1968 – Konstantin Shafranov, hockey forward (Team Kazkhstan 1998)
1968 – Kay Hanley, American musician
1968 – Paul Mayeda Berges, American film writer and director
1969 – Laura Sisk, Maryland, actress (Allison Rescott-Loving)
1969 – Tracy Scroggins, NFLer (Detroit Lions)
1969 – Eduardo Perez, American baseball player
1969 – Gidget Gein, American musician
1970 – Berry Richter, Madison Wis, US hockey defenseman (Olympics-1994)
1970 – Dan Hackett, Syracuse NY, water polo goalkeeper (Olympics-96)
1970 – Chris Garver, tattoo artist
1970 – Taraji P. Henson, American actress and singer
1970 – William Joppy, American boxer
1970 – Ted Leo, American musician
1971 – Mack Strong, NFL fullback (Seattle Seahawks)
1971 – Todd Norman, NFL guard (Seattle Seahawks)
1971 – Richard Ashcroft, British singer
1971 – Markos Moulitsas, American blogger and author
1971 – Johnny Vegas, English comedian
1971 – Shelton Quarles, American football player
1972 – Kip Simons, Media Pa, gymnast (Olympics-5th-96)
1972 – Mark Pope, NBA forward (Indiana Pacers)
1972 – Matthew Gilmore, Belgian cyclist
1973 – Fred Thomas, NFL cornerback (Seattle Seahawks)
1974 – Lucian Sahetapy, soccer player (FC Groningen)
1975 – Juliette Spier, Miss North Dakota USA (1996)
1975 – Tiffany Parks, Miss Arkansas USA (1996)
1975 – Juan Cobián, former Argentine footballer
1975 – Mark Klepaski, American musician
1976 – Elephant Man, Jamaican musician
1976 – Flora Redoumi, Greek hurdler
1976 – Tomáš Enge, Czech racing driver
1977 – Ludacris, American rapper
1977 – Matthew Stevens, Welsh snooker player
1977 – Jon Buckland, British guitarist (Coldplay)
1978 – Dejan Stanković, Serbian footballer
1978 – Ed Reed, American football player
1978 – Ben Lee, Australian musician and singer
1979 – Ariana Richards, Healdsburg CA, actress (Spaced Invaders, Prancer)
1979 – Nathan Gale, American murderer (d. 2004)
1979 – Frank Francisco, Major League Baseball pitcher
1979 – Steve Hofstetter, comedian & radio personality
1979 – David Pizarro, Chilean footballer
1980 – Antônio Pizzonia, Brazilian race car driver
1980 – Mike Comrie, Canadian ice hockey player
1981 – Andrea Dossena, Italian footballer
1981 – Dylan Klebold, Columbine High School Massacre co-perpetrator (d. 1999)
1982 – Shriya Saran, South Indian actress
1983 – Jacoby Ellsbury, American baseball player
1983 – Ike Diogu, American basketball player
1985 – Shaun Livingston, American basketball player
1985 – Zack Stortini, Canadian ice hockey player
1986 – Chiliboy Ralepelle, South African rugby player
1986 – Dwayne Jarrett, American football player
1987 – Tyler Hoechlin, American actor

WEDDINGS

1930 – Mystery writer Agatha Christie (39) weds archaeologist Max Mallowan (26)
1941 – Belgium King Leopold secretly marries Lilian Baels
1983 – Fashion designer Donna Karen marries Stephan Weiss
1993 – Country singer Merle Haggard (56) weds fifth wife Theresa Ann Lane at his ranch near Redding, California
1999 – Actress Jenny McCarthy (26) weds actor-director John Mallory Asher (28) in the Crystal Gardens at the Beverly Hills Hotel

DIVORCES

1977 – TV’s Rhoda gets divorced

DEATHS

1161 – Queen Melisende of Jerusalem (b. 1105)
1185 – Stephanus Hagiochristophorites, Byzantine courtier
1297 – Hugh de Cressingham, English treasurer, dies in battle
1298 – Philip of Artois, French soldier (b. 1269)
1349 – Bonne of Luxembourg, wife of John II of France (b. 1315)
1599 – Cornelis de Houtman, navigator (1st Dutch trip to Java), murder at 35
1599 – Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman executed for planned fratricide (b. 1577)
1630 – John de White, calvinist/banker to Prague, commits suicide
1646 – Johann Stobaeus, composer, dies at 66
1677 – James Harrington, English political philosopher (b. 1611)
1680 – Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan (b. 1596)
1680 – Roger Crab, English Puritan political writer (b. 1621)
1709 – Oxenstiern, Dutch general, dies in the Battle of Malplaquet
1709 – Spaar, Dutch General, dies in the Battle of Malplaquet
1712 – Giovanni D Cassini, French astronomer, dies
1713 – John Foot, lawyer, dies at 65
1721 – Rudolph J Camerarius, German physician (sexuality plans), dies
1733 – Francois Couperin, French composer (Le Grand), dies at 64
1760 – Louis Godin, French astronomer (b. 1704)
1789 – Luca Sorkocevic, composer, dies at 55
1822 – Fortunat Alojzy Gonzaga Żółkowski, Polish actor (b. 1777)
1823 – David Ricardo, economist (b. 1772)
1843 – Joseph Nicollet, mathematician and explorer (b. 1786)
1848 – Henri-Philippe Gerard, composer, dies at 87
1851 – Sylvester Graham, American nutritionist (b. 1794)
1858 – Alexander L’vovich Gurilyov, composer, dies at 55
1865 – Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general (b. 1806)
1870 – Eugenio Lucas y Padilla, Spanish poet, dies at about 46
1888 – Domingo F Sarmiento, President of Argentina (1868-74), dies at 77
1892 – Charles-Louis-Adolphe Vogel, composer, dies at 84
1896 – Francis James Child, American ballad collector (b. 1825)
1898 – Adolphe-Abraham Samuel, composer, dies at 74
1911 – Louis Henri Boussenard, French novelist (b. 1847)
1915 – William Sprague IV, American politician (b. 1830)
1915 – William Cornelius Van Horne, American railway executive (b. 1843)
1917 – Georges Guynemer, French WW I pilot, dies at 22
1921 – Subramanya Bharathy, Tamil poet (b. 1882)
1922 – Louis Coerne, composer, dies at 52
1924 – Mieczyslaw Surzynski, composer, dies at 57
1926 – Matsunosuke Onoe, Japanese actor (b. 1875)
1931 – Salvatore Maranzano, American crime boss (b. 1868)
1932 – Franciszek Zwirko and Stanislaw Wigura, Polish pilots (Żwirko b. 1895 Wigura b. 1901)
1946 – Arthur van Schendel, writer (Holland Drama), dies at 72)
1948 – Albert Powell, cricketer (one Test South Africa v England 1898-99), dies
1948 – Mohammed Ali Jinnah, 1st governor of Pakistan (1947-48), dies at 71
1949 – Henri Rabaud, French composer/conductor (L’ete), dies at 75
1950 – John C Smuts, co-found British RAF/South African PM (1919..48), dies at 80
1950 – S M H Colah, cricketer (69 runs in India’s 1st 2 tests 1932-33), dies
1954 – Licinio Refice, composer, dies at 69
Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy BishopCanadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop(1956)

1956 – Billy Bishop, Canadian pilot in World War I (b. 1894)
1957 – Petar Stojanovic, composer, dies at 80
1958 – Robert Lach, composer, dies at 84
1958 – Robert W. Service, Scottish-born Canadian poet (b. 1874)
1958 – Camillien Houde, French Canadian politician (b. 1889)
1959 – Paul Douglas, actor (Adventure Theater), dies at 52
1965 – Ralph C. Smedley, Founder of Toastmasters International (b. 1878)
1966 – Charlie Cantor, actor (Artie-Ray Bolger Show), dies at 68
1966 – C. E. Woolman, American airline magnate (b. 1889)
1967 – Tadeusz Żyliński, Polish technician and textilist (b. 1904)
1968 – René Cogny, French General (b. 1904)
1970 – Chester Morris, actor (Diagnosis: Unknown), dies at 69
1971 – Nikita Khrushchev, dies of a heart attack at 77
1971 – Percy Helton, actor (Homer-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 77
1972 – Max Fleischer, American animator (b. 1883)
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev (1971)

1973 – Salvador Allende Gossens, president Chile (1970-73), dies at 65
1973 – Neem Karoli Baba, Indian guru
1974 – Víctor Olea Alegría, Chilean Socialist Party member
1976 – Jan Kunc, composer, dies at 93
1977 – Don Blackman, actor (Old Man & Sea, Desert Legion), dies at 65
1977 – Leonard Carey, actor (Laughter), dies at 90
1978 – Mike Gazella, American baseball player (b. 1895)
1978 – Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (b. 1929)
1978 – Janet Parker, medical photographer (b. c. 1938)
1978 – Ronnie Peterson, Swedish F1 driver (b. 1944)
1980 – Jose Antonio Calcano, composer, dies at 80
1981 – Frank McHugh, actor (Dawn Patrol, Going My Way), dies at 83
1982 – Albert Soboult, French historian, dies at 68
1984 – Hilding Hallnas, composer, dies at 81
1984 – Jerry Voorhis, American politician (b. 1901)
1985 – William Alwyn, composer, dies at 79
1985 – Andrew C. Thornton II, American drug smuggler (b. 1945)
1987 – Lorne Greene, actor (Bonanza, Battlestar Galactica), dies at 72
1987 – Peter Tosh, reggae singer shot dead in Jamacia at 42
1988 – George Alpert, railroad executive, dies at 90
1988 – Luis W Alvarez, physicist (Nobel-1968), dies at 77
1988 – John Sylvester White, American actor (b. 1919)
1990 – Ben Frank, actor (Don’t Answer the Phone), dies of heart attack at 56
1990 – Myrna Mack, Guatemalan anthropologist (b. 1949)
1991 – Ernst Herbeck, German Poet (b. 1920)
1992 – Erik Terpstra, director (Versier de leegte, De ander, Daniel), dies
1992 – Frank Singuineau, actor (Firepower, Pressure, Mummy), dies
1992 – Paul Storken, Dutch priest (Away Backing), dies
1993 – Antoine Izmery, Haitian businessman/advisor to pres Aristide, murdered
1993 – Erich Leinsdorf, Austrian-born American conductor, dies at 81
1994 – Frederick Rand Weissman, philanthropist, dies at 82
1994 – Jessica Tandy, actress (Driving Miss Daisy), dies of cancer at 85
1994 – Sara Taylor, mother of Elizabeth, dies at 62
1994 – William Obanheim, actor (Officer Obie-Alice’s Restaurant), dies at 69
1995 – Charles William Hutton, architect, dies at 90
1995 – Jerome Theisen, benedioctine, dies at 64
1995 – Keith Odor, racing Driver, dies at 33
1995 – Anita Harding, neurologist (b. 1952)
1996 – Guido Aristarco, film critic, dies at 77
1996 – JoAnne Dru, actress (Sylvia, Drango), dies of lymphedema at 73
1996 – Peter Phillips, printer, dies at 61
1997 – Camille Henry, National Hockey League player (b. 1933)
1997 – Hannah Weiner American experimental poet (b. 1928)
1998 – Dane Clark, American actor (b. 1913)
1999 – Belkis Ayón, Cuban artist (b. 1967)
1999 – Gonzalo Rodriguez, Uruguayan auto racing driver (b. 1972)
2001 – Alice Stewart Trillin, American author (b. 1938)
2001 – Marwan Al-Shehhi, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1978)
2001 – David Angell, American sitcom creator (b. 1946)
2001 – Mohamed Atta, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1968)
2001 – Garnet Bailey, Canadian hockey player and scout (b. 1948)
Passenger on United Airlines Flight 93 Todd BeamerPassenger on United Airlines Flight 93 Todd Beamer(2001)

2001 – Todd Beamer, passenger on United Airlines Flight 93 (b. 1968)
2001 – Berry Berenson, widow of Anthony Perkins (b. 1948)
2001 – Mark Bingham, passenger on United Airlines Flight 93 (b. 1970)
2001 – Tom Burnett, American businessman (b. 1963)
2001 – Peter J. Ganci, Jr., Chief of Department, FDNY (b. 1946)
2001 – Hani Hanjour, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1972)
2001 – Ziad Jarrah, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1975)
2001 – Father Mychal F. Judge, Chaplain, FDNY (b. 1933)
2001 – Angel L. Juarbe, Jr., American firefighter (b. 1966)
2001 – John P. O’Neill, American anti-terrorism FBI agent (b. 1952)
2001 – John Ogonowski, pilot for American Airlines Flight 11 (b. 1951)
2001 – Barbara Olson, American political commentator (b. 1955)
2001 – Daniel M. Lewin, founder of Akamai Technologies (b. 1970)
2002 – Kim Hunter, American actress (b. 1922)
2002 – Johnny Unitas, American football player, dies of a heart attack at 69
NFL Quarterback Johnny UnitasNFL Quarterback Johnny Unitas (2002)

2003 – Anna Lindh, Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs (b. 1957)
2003 – John Ritter, American actor (b. 1948)
2004 – Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria (b. 1949)
2004 – Fred Ebb, American lyricist (b. 1933)
2004 – David Mann, U.S. artist (b. 1939)
2005 – Chris Schenkel, American sportscaster (b. 1923)
2006 – William Auld, Scottish poet, writer and supporter of Esperanto (b. 1924)
2006 – Pat Corley, American actor (b. 1930)
2006 – Joachim Fest, German journalist and author (b. 1926)
2006 – Johannes Bob van Benthem, Dutch lawyer (b. 1921)
2007 – Ian Porterfield, Manager of Armenia National Football Club (b. 1946)
2007 – Gene Savoy, American author and cleric (b. 1927)
2007 – Joe Zawinul, Austrian musician (b. 1932)
2009 – Gertrude Baines, world’s oldest living person (b. 1894)
2011 – Andy Whitfield, Welsh actor (b. 1972)
2011 – Christian Bakkerud, Danish racing driver (b. 1984)
2011 – Ralph Gubbins, English footballer (b. 1932)
2011 – 9/11 attacks resulted in the deaths of 2,996 people
2011 – Anjali Gupta, Indian Air Force officer (b. 1975)
2012 – Sergio Livingstone, Chilean football player and journalist, dies from natural causes at 92

ALSO ON THIS DAY

  • Lead Story

  • 2001 Attack on America
  • American Revolution

  • 1777 The Battle of Brandywine begins
  • Automotive

  • 1915 Emily Post’s By Motor to the Fair appears in Collier’s
  • Civil War

  • 1861 Rebels begin Cheat Mountain campaign
  • Cold War

  • 1971 Nikita Khrushchev dies
  • Crime

  • 1921 Silent-film star arrested for murder
  • Disaster

  • 1991 Commuter plane crashes
  • General Interest

  • 1814 America victorious on Lake Champlain
  • 1851 The Christiana Riot
  • 1973 Allende dies in coup
  • Hollywood

  • 1987 Fatal Attraction premieres
  • Literary

  • 1930 Flowering Judas, by Katherine Anne Porter, is published
  • Music

  • 1971 Donny Osmond has the #1 hit on the U.S. pop charts with “Go Away Little Girl”
  • Old West

  • 1857 Mormons and Paiutes murder 120 emigrants at Mountain Meadows
  • Presidential

  • 2001 Bush learns of attack on World Trade Center
  • Sports

  • 1985 Pete Rose hits into the record books
  • Vietnam War

  • 1965 1st Cavalry Division arrives in country
  • 1968 Heavy fighting rages in Tay Ninh
  • World War I

  • 1915 Zimmerwald Conference issues a call for immediate peace
  • World War II

  • 1940 Hitler focuses East, sends troops to Romania

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